Storms sweeping through Arizona produced
flash floods in the Grand Canyon, causing mudslides that injured four
people. A total of 1.24
inches were dumped on Phoenix, passing the previous record.
New York is preparing for another heat
wave with temperatures expected to be 10-15 degrees above normal.
Meteorologists say that 29% of the nation has been hotter than
normal this summer. NBC
Seven people die in Bombay
as torrential rains cause mudslides that buried an entire family. Agence
France Press, 7/19/99.
More than 500,000
people were forced out of their homes in Bangladesh as the river bursts
and floods their homes. Agence
France Press, 7/19/99.
Yangtze River has overflowed and flooded the central Hunan province of
killing 37 people and causing millions in economic loss.
In the Sichuan Province, a landslide caused by torrential rains in
China swept a bus off a road, killing 13 people and injuring 11 others.
Heavy rains caused mudslides and flooding and left
85 people dead and has caused further problems for 57 districts over the
last 5 weeks in Nepal. Agence France Press,
rain in Iowa washed out bridges and streets, flooding homes and
causing a train to derail. Reuters, 7/21/99.
of Pennsylvania declared a drought emergency and asked for residents to
conserve water as drought conditions continue to deteriorate.
Pollution from coal-fired power plants increased
almost 16% since 1992
and is likely to worsen as utilities competing in deregulating markets rely
on older power plants. Reuters,
Iowa continues to battle flooding as heavy rains
cause rivers to crest at 23 feet, the worst Iowa has ever seen.
Many residents were evacuated from their homes and over 100 homes
were damaged. AP,
Monsoon floods in India have devastated the
country, killing 251 people in 11 cities.
Agence France Press, 7/24/99.
Eight people have died in floods following torrential
rain in Beijing. In southwestern China, some 350,000 people living near
a dangerous dyke have been evacuated to safety.
Agence France Press, 7/26/99.
In New Delhi,
nine people were killed and 40 others were injured in a landslide following several days of rain. Xinhua, 7/26/99.
Cedar River in Iowa overflowed and swamped thousands of homes across central
as volunteers battled the heat to ward off the cresting river's floodwaters.
Overnight monsoon rains
left several major streets in Manila, Philippines flooded, forcing
officials to cancel school classes. Agence
France Press, 7/26/99.
The deaths of 7 people are being blamed on the
intense heat in Chicago. It
is especially dangerous now because this is the 5th consecutive
day of temperatures in the 90's and the 3rd day with a heat index
above 100. MSNBC Chicago 5, 7/26/99.
At least 272 people have been killed in floods caused by monsoon rains in India. Reuters, 7/26/99.
rise in coal consumption in Indiana
and other states over the last decade has caused a surge in smog and global
warming pollution. States News Service,
Floods in Iran claimed the lives of 34 people after
days of torrential rain and before
that, a severe drought. Reuters,
soared above 90 degrees across the United States, continuing a heat wave
that killed 11 people and prompted health officials to warn that the sick
and elderly need to stay cool. Reuters, 7/27/99.
The death toll in the
summer flooding along the Yangtze River in southwest China has risen to 297, as officials report another 57 dead. PR
Eighteen people were killed and six injured in a
canyoning accident in central Switzerland
after flash floods caused water levels to rise in a gorge.
Following the deadly
floods in Iran, officials report the death toll has risen to 43, and
there are still people missing. Reuters, 7/28/99.
Nearly 1 million people in the Chinese province of Hunan have been evacuated after a secondary dyke
collapsed following heavy rains. Agence
France Press, 7/28/99.
Flooding in Hungary has caused more than
$210 million in damage this year. Reuters,
There have been 33 heat related deaths in the
past week: 12 in Missouri,
11 in Illinois, 8 in Ohio and 2 in north Carolina.
Most of the deaths occurred in urban areas.
Temperatures will continue in the high 90's. MSNBC, 7/28/99.
A new study shows a higher rate of warming and
sea level rise than previously expected.
The report includes impacts on temperature, sea level, precipitation
and extreme weather events. Pew Center, 7/28/99.
With no end to the heatwave in sight, the death
toll rises to 49. Scattered
showers helped some areas of the Midwest cool off, but temperatures hit the
high 90's almost immediately. AP,
There are 21 states with crops in trouble, due to
the intense heat, lack of rain and wildfires. The past month has been the
driest on record. NBC News, 7/28/99.
Environmentalists confirm that the level of the
Dead Sea has dropped over 80 feet in the last 40 years and the shoreline has
receded more than 1 mile. This is happening because in the past few
years, Jordan, Syria and Israel are using the Dead Sea as a resource for
their growing agriculture and irrigation needs.
The result will be that we will lose an ecological and historical
Most people don't know that generating
electricity is the largest source of industrial air pollution. Green Mountain Energy's new wind turbines are evidence of the
ability customers now have to shape their energy future.
PR NewsWire, 7/29/99.
The death toll in the devastating
monsoon floods across India rose to 307 as swirling waters inundated
parts of India's poorest state and rivers threatened to burst over their
embankments. A total of 150 people have died since the flooding began. AP, 7/29/99.
federal government has already declared 1998 as the hottest year since
temperature recordings began in 1920. Using
tree rings, ice cores and other indicators, the scientists also called the
1990's the warmest decade of the millennium. MSNBC,
At least 29 people were killed and 500 hurt in a
massive burst in the dyke along the Yangtze River.
Agence France Press,
forced the evacuation of about 25,000 people in southwestern Japan after a swollen river surged over a dike.
from the combustion of fossil fuels dropped 0.5% to 6.32 billion tons in
1998, marking the first decline since
At least 29 people were killed and 500 hurt in a
massive burst in the dyke along the Yangtze River.
Agence France Press,
Scientists predict fewer cold snaps during the
winter and more frequent heat waves during the summer, starting after the
year 2000. Global warming
may come faster than previously expected.
The Insurance Industry has recently become
outspoken regarding the possible threat of global warming. Sixty-Two insurance companies from 23 countries signed a
formal statement, advocating the reduction of greenhouse gases, while
expressing concern about the effects of global warming on the industry.
Earth Action Network, 7/31/99.
A dozen large corporations are joining together to
form an organization that will promote awareness of the very real threat
of global warming. The
organization is being called the "Pew Center on Global Climate
Change." Some of the
participating companies include: Boeing, Lockheed Martin, 3M, Sun Oil etc
and Toyota. AP,
Global warming will have little effect on the
insurance industry, a recent hearing decided.
A warmer climate would melt the ice caps, raise sea levels and
disturb weather patterns. Only
20% of the insurance industry's $300 billion annual business is affected by
West Virginia and 5 other states
were declared disaster areas, while congress began working on emergency aid
programs. Even with assistance,
this is very serious problem for the farmers and for agriculture.
Severe drought conditions are now affecting New England to North
Carolina, Northern Florida and the Texas panhandle. Cattle
and crops from fruit to Christmas trees are drying out in Mid-Atlantic and
Northeast States. MSNBC, 8/2/99.
Americans are not alone in the misery of the summer
heat. Russia is suffering
one of the worst droughts in a century.
The dry heat has also ignited 20,000 fires and blazed across 2
mission acres. Water levels
remain dangerously low and crops have been destroyed.
At least 12 people were killed and 500 hurt in a
massive dyke breach along the middle of the Yangtze River.
Agence France Press, 8/2/99.
The death toll in Vietnam flash floods rose
to 14 and another 43 people are still missing.
Agence France Press, 8/2/99.
Death toll in Northeastern states has risen to 96,
making this the hottest July in New York's history. AP, 8/2/99.
Floods worsen in India, killing 150 people.
Floods caused by heavy rains submerged 25 villages and forced 15,000
people from their homes. AP, 8/2/99.
At least 18 people were killed and 477 injured in a
gale storm in southwestern China's Sichuan Province. Xinhua,
At least 13 people were feared dead after
torrential rains battered the border of North Korea, forcing tens of
thousands of troops to abandon their front line barracks. Agence
France Press, 8/2/99.
The overall death toll has risen to 56 in Chicago
due to the heat wave.
On the Northside, about 20 highrises lost power, forcing firefighters
to help 100 elderly people and hundred of other residents grope their way
out of the buildings. Tribune, 8/3/99.
As many as 27 are dead in South Korea as
heavy rains trigger landslides and flooding.
July was the driest month in Britain for 130
years, meteorologists said as the heat wave continues. Agence France Press, 8/3/99.
Over 90,000 people were without power at the peak
of the heat wave in Chicago. The
heat wave drained the electricity in many parts of the city, causing power
failures for thousands. NBC Chicago, 8/3/99.
The head of American Electric Power has
acknowledged the need to tackle climate change early.
He states that global warming is a long term problem, not a short
term crisis. He also criticized
the controversial Kyoto agreement. NewsEdge,
At least 16 people have died and 10 are missing due
to landslides in Manila. The
landslides were triggered after 2 days of heavy monsoon rains that pounded
the region. AP, 8/3/99.
In South Korea, gale force winds uprooted
trees and flipped cars, leaving 27 people dead and 22 missing. AP, 8/4/99.
Typhoons, floods and heavy monsoon rains have
battered Asia leaving hundreds dead and thousands homeless.
In other areas of Indonesia, haze has returned, threatening to repeat
a serious recent environmental disaster.
Agence France Press, 8/4/99.
At least 129 people have been killed in floods and
mudslides caused by weeks of heavy rains in Kathamandu. Agence France Press,
China confirmed death toll from floods at 725, nearly
double earlier reports. Reuters,
The death toll in the Philippines continued
to rise to 69 after torrential rains, another 35 are still missing.
Agence France Press, 8/6/99.
Maryland, Rhode Island, New Jersey and Delaware are
experiencing the worst drought in recorded history.
Congress will be providing aid to the devastated communities and
Farmers in the Northeast are experiencing the worse
drought and are struggling to save their crops.
But the grape farmers are celebrating - the dry heat equals better
wine. In most Northeastern
states, the current drought is devastating, it threatens to cripple
businesses and communities that depend on the crops to survive. AP, 8/9/99.
More than 70 people were drowned in flooded
rivers in India and another 39 people are believed to have drowned after
a bus plunged into a flooded river. Reuters,
The death toll in the Philippines has
reached 156 after heavy monsoon rains caused landslides and flooding.
Torrential rains caused flooding in London,
forcing 60 people to be evacuated from their homes.
McCarthy Files, 8/11/99.
Temperatures of 114 degrees and high winds out of
Africa scorched Sicily fanning out wildfires and knocking out power.
Firefighters continue to battle the blazes.
Temperatures rose to 109 degrees, killing at least
three people in Macedonia Emergency units received up to a hundred calls for
assistance. AP, 8/11/99.
· Calling it the worst drought since the Dust Bowl in the 1930's, the Agriculture Secretary called the entire state of Connecticut a disaster area. It will take tropical storm to make up for the rainfall deficit, which would bring about problems of flash flooding and soil erosion. The damage due to the drought is estimated at $40 billion. Reuters, 8/12/99.
The drought continues to affect Delaware, Maryland,
New Jersey and Rhode Island. All
areas have been declared disaster areas, allowing them to get low-interest
loans. The Agriculture
department plans to put up 500 soil-monitoring stations across the nation to
help meteorologists with their forecasts.
Knight Ridder Newspaper, 8/12/99.
Violent storms hit Italy, leaving 5,000 people in
the city of Genoa without power and causing floods in Milan.
The Red Cross has reported that up to 500,000
Cambodians are threatened homeless by recent floods and 30,000 people
are now homeless. Agence France Press,
Flash flooding hit northwest China leaving 8
people dead and 10 injured. Agence
France Press, 8/15/99.
Mudslides in Bangladesh kill 18 people and
injured more than 100, as rescue workers evacuated thousands from their
A torrential rainstorm in central China
has killed more than 100 people and left thousands homeless or stranded by
flash floods. Reuters, 8/16/1999.
Fifteen people are still missing after rain-swollen
rivers carried them away in central Japan.
Strong winds and hot weather
fanned flames in Spain, burning 300 hectares, and forcing
Heavy rains killed people and swamped
over 1,000 homes in central and western Romania.
Torrential downpours and flooding in Tokyo
are responsible for the disappearance of 13 people whose riverside
campground was flooded. Violent
downpours have swept across Asia in recent weeks, killing more than 950
people in South Korea, China, Japan, the Philippines and South Korea.
South Carolina reaches second level of
severity in the continuing drought. They
have already gone 14 months with below normal rainfall.
Heavy rains killed 2 people and forced over 1,000
people to leave their homes in central and western Romania.
Over the last 2 days, rains have flooded nearly 14,000 homes and farm
Landslides and flash floods triggered by torrential
rain killed 18 people and left more than 100,000 people stranded in Bangladesh's
southeast hill region. McCarthy
At least 16 people are still missing in Japan after
heavy rains swept rivers over their banks, flooding Tokyo and the
surrounding areas. McCarthy Files, 8/19/99.
Heavy monsoon rains left 177 people dead in the
Philippines and caused more than 1.4 billion pesos in damage. Agence France Press,
An unexpected tornado hit Salt Lake City,
causing $7 million in damages to cars and homes.
No one was killed. Reuters,
Three days of heavy rain caused flooding that
washed out many homes, leaving more than 8,000 people homeless in Venezuela.
With rains expected to continue, seven states have declared states of
emergency. In Anzoategui,
68,000 people have lost their homes and are being cared for by government
relief workers. AP,
Heavy snowfall, avalanches and subsequent flooding
earlier this year caused damage totaling 800 million Swiss Francs,
authorities said in Switzerland's worst winter in decades,
many areas were cut off by deep snow and avalanches.
Hurricane Bret, the biggest storm to hit Texas in
over 20 years arrived with horizontal sheets of rain and 125-mph winds
that bent palm trees and forced thousands to flee inland. AP, 8/25/99.
Hurricane Bret caused floods in Mexico's central
state of Puebla, leaving one person dead, over 1,000 injured and 300
homes damaged. Xinhua News Agency, 8/27/99.
Rain and flooding in central Mexico kills 5
people as heavy rains cause a wall to collapse.
Governor Davis declared fire emergencies in four
California counties and ordered National Guard troops to assist with the
blazes. One person has been
killed, but no structures have been damaged.
Wildfires have consumed more than 190,000 acres in
California, Nevada, Oregon, Washington and Texas.
Hundreds of residents have been evacuated but few homes were burned.
The U.S. Forest Service blames the environmental groups for not
allowing them to thin out the forests.
Firefighters continue to battle blazes in
southern California, which have already taken 55,000 acres in the San
Bernardino National Forest. MSNBC, 9/1/99.
A powerful storm in Houston
knocked down trees, power lines and flooded streets.
Winds reached 60 mph and some areas received as much as 5 inches of
rain. Reuters, 9/1/99.
The blazes continue in southern California,
and are considered the largest in 80 years with more than 60,000
acres being burned. MSNBC, 9/2/99.
A climatologist has started a debate on whether El
Nino or La Nina is worse. El
Nino can be blamed for 189 deaths, many due to tornadoes and caused $4
billion in damage. La Nina can
be blamed for hurricanes, tornadoes, and the drought.
Months of little to no rain have left Brazil very
dry and burning in many areas. The
humidity remains under 20% and there is no rain in sight. AP, 9/3/99.
Heavy rains in Ethiopia forced the Awash River to
overflow, destroying over 13,000 acres of farmland and forcing thousands
from their homes. AP, 9/8/99.
A rare lightning storm-hit San Francisco bringing
hail, rain and power outages. The
storm touched off lightning strikes that started fires and damaged trees and
power poles. AP, 9/12/99.
Hurricane Floyd has built up to a massive storm
with 155mph winds that could hit the Florida coast soon.
It is capable of catastrophic destruction. The hurricane was classified as a Category 4 as its winds
passed 131mph. AP, 9/13/99.
NASA prepared to protect its space shuttles and
then evacuated 12,500 workers anticipating the destruction of Hurricane
Hurricane Floyd hit the Bahamas with 145mph winds.
In Nassau, the 90mph winds snapped power lines and shook buildings.
Officials expected a storm surge of up to 20 feet and widespread
flooding. Floyd is one of the
most powerful storms to ever threaten the U.S.
It is three times as large as 1992's Hurricane Andrew, which killed
30 people and caused $25 billion in damage.
Nearly 2 million people were urged to evacuate
along the southeastern coast as Hurricane Floyd pounded northern Florida,
Georgia and South Carolina. In
Nassau, 90mph winds snapped palm trees, downed power lines and shook
A mandatory evacuation was issued to hundreds of
residents of Charleston, South Carolina due to Hurricane Floyd. MSNBC, 9/15/99.
President Clinton announced that global warming
could bring cataclysmic consequences unless we change course. He confirmed what most scientists are saying, that the sea
will rise so high that they swallow the islands and coastal areas,
hurricanes and storms will intensify and droughts will become worse. AP, 9/15/99.
Four people were killed in storms that swept across
northeastern Spain. The storms
left 22,000 people without electricity and the rain forced the closing of
the rail lines. AP, 9/15/99.
Last year, typhoon related damage was estimated at
$2.1 billion, floods killed more than 2,000 in China, 269 died in South
Korea and 543,367 homes were destroyed in the Philippines. A researcher at Japan's National Research Institute for Earth
Science and Disaster Prevention said, "There is a distinct relation
between typhoons and the difference in temperature between the sea and
atmosphere." AP, 9/15/99.
Authorities urged more than 2.6 million people
along the southern Atlantic coast to clear out of Floyd's path - the biggest
peacetime evacuation in U.S. history. At
least 7deaths were blamed on Hurricane Floyd. Parts of North Carolina
received 13 to 16 inches of rain and thousands of people lost their homes.
Flooding and landslides killed 6 people in western
Japan and forced the evacuation of thousands of people from their homes.
Scientists who study hurricanes believe that they
are becoming more frequent and more powerful than they used to be.
From 1970 to 1994, there were less than five hurricanes per year.
That number has jumped to more than seven per year since 1995.
One reason is the higher average sea temperature in both the Atlantic
and the Caribbean. Many
scientists blame the increasing ocean temperatures on the greenhouse effect.
NBC News, 9/18/99.
MIT scientists believe that the hurricanes we have
been experiencing are the calm before the storm.
A study by MIT suggests that global warming could contribute as much
as 40-5-% to the destructive potential of the hurricanes by the middle of
the 21st century. Los Angeles Times, 9/19/99.
Thunderstorms hit a 2-mile area of Mesa, Arizona,
destroying 50 homes, damaging others and knocking out power to thousands of
customers. No serious injuries
were reported. AP, 9/21/99.
Authorities urged residents to evacuate flood-prone
areas in Tampa and St. Petersburg as Tropical Storm Harvey threatened the
Gulf Coast. The storm was
expected to come ashore with hurricane force winds and six-foot tidal wave
Torrential rains killed three people and flooded
thousands of homes in several Mexican states.
Hurricane Gert hit the seaside cottages of
Bermuda with 10-foot walls of water, tearing off walls of houses and washed
away miles of prime beach. AP, 9/22/99.
Hurricane Floyd dumped 20 inches of rain on
Eastern North Carolina, killing 40 people and flooding 30,000 homes.
Reports confirm at least 2.9 million fowl and 10,000 hogs drowned.
Sewage plants and large lagoons disappeared beneath the waters. Early estimates are at $1.3 billion. NC News, 9/23/99.
The misery continues in North Carolina as residents
try to clean up after Hurricane Floyd.
The ground is still too soggy to bury their dead, entire farms have
completely disappeared and dead animals can be seen in the floodwaters.
There are 30,000 flooded homes, broken dams, and 68 people left dead.
Climate Change Affects Spread
paper published in March 1998 in the Bulletin
of the American
Society noted that climate
warming and outbreaks of extreme weather could be expected to have serious
implications for the spread of such diseases . . . encephalitis, which
has been detected in recent weeks not only in New York City but in
Westchester County as well.” The author is Dr. Paul Epstein, associate
director of the Center for Health and the Global Environment at Harvard
Medical School. “Dr. Epstein said it is important to recognize the serious
threats to public health that are among the
consequences of climate change and extreme weather events . . .
‘We are learning that climate change is not a gradual
process’.” Bob Herbert New
York Times, 9/23/99. A27.
New research from the University of Delaware
indicates that fertilizing the oceans with iron to increase the amount of
carbon dioxide absorbed by single-celled plants could help fight global
warming. Global warming is caused by increasing levels of CO2 and all
plants absorb CO2. This theory
says that if we can boost the plant growth, the plants will eat up the
excess CO2. Macmillan
Hurricane Floyd has left floodwaters,
thousands of homeless people and much of the region's livestock wiped out.
It may be years before North Carolina recovers.
This hurricane has not only been the worst economic disaster, but
also the deadliest. The
death toll rose to 40 and damages exceeded $1 billion.
The third major cyclone this month hit Hong Kong,
injuring 23 people and damaging roads and buildings. Tropical Storm Cam followed two other storms that killed 2
people and injured 500. Reuters, 9/26/99.
567 mayors and local elected officials urged the
Administration to boost efforts to fight global warming.
Representatives from dozens of cities across the U.S. voiced their
concerns over the impact of global warming on their communities.
Local officials say they face potentially devastating costs as the
long term warming trend continues. They cite a sharp rise in extreme
weather, heat waves and intense storms. They believe these are all a result
of global warming. PRNewwire, 9/28/99.
North Carolina braces for another storm as
the rivers are pushed well beyond their limits. More than 14,000 people are
still in shelters and 65 families have moved into a temporary trailer park.
Los Angeles' sizzling weather breaks a record set
in 1963, as temperatures hit 102. MSNBC,
Flooding caused by storms has claimed the lives of
47 people in Ghana. Xinhua News, 9/30/99.
High temperatures in California
made firefighters work harder to battle blazes that have burned more than
125,000 acres. AP, 9/30/99.
El Salvador declared a state of emergency
as heavy rains continued. Over
25,000 people were evacuated from their homes.